Studies in Word-Association: Experiments in the Diagnosis of Psychopathological Conditions Carried Out at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Zurich Under the Direction of C. G. Jung C. G. Jung

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Studies in Word-Association: Experiments in the Diagnosis of Psychopathological Conditions Carried Out at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Zurich Under the Direction of C. G. Jung  by  C. G. Jung

Studies in Word-Association: Experiments in the Diagnosis of Psychopathological Conditions Carried Out at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Zurich Under the Direction of C. G. Jung by C. G. Jung
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TRANSLATORS PREFACEThis book is a translation of a series of papers on the results of the association method applied to normal and abnormal persons, which appeared in the Journal fur Psychologie und Neurologie (vols, iii-xvi) and were afterwards collected into two volumes.The experiments were carried out at the instance and under the guidance of Dr. Jung. The work which Drs.

Jung and Riklin published in 1904 gave an entirely new direction to association experiments. The principle of mental association is, of course, of reputable antiquity : Do you not know, then, that lovers when they see a lyre, or a garment, or anything else which their favourite is accustomed to use, are thus affected - they both recognize the lyre and receive in their minds the form of the person to whom the lyre belonged.

^Its experimental phase begins with Galtons work in 1879 and Wundts in 1880.The new departure which we owe to Dr. Jung is the application of the association method to unconscious mental processes - the theory of unconscious complexes was developed by these experiments - the results obtained by Freuds psycho-analytic technique were confirmed by the use of a very different method.This confirmation by experimental methods compelled many who had hitherto looked askance at the psycho-analytic theory of the unconscious to investigate the phenomena for themselves.

These studies in word-association have now acquired a permanent place in the historical development of this theory. Every serious student of psychology, every educationist, every one who wishes to engage in the study or treatment of morbid mental processes, will find in these Studies a storehouse of facts which will serve not only as a solid basis for his own studies but also as a starting-point for further research.It was a most arduous and delicate task to establish objective criteria by which unconscious complexes could be recognized.

Much thought and great ingenuity went to the discovery of these1 The Phcedo. complex indicators as they are called, and the resulting theses as elaborated in this work by Dr. Jung and his collaborators have all been found to be reUable.Since the beginning of this work in 1904 it has been extremely productive in many different directions and is still reaping a rich harvest.

Its appUcation to education has been made quite recently - here we may hope to estabhsh some standard tests for normal and abnormal children, which wdll be complementary to the intellectual tests standardized by Binet.In the investigation of nervous and mental disorders the association method is stiU opening up new paths, as seen, for instance, in the remarkable investigations by Dr. Josef Lang on famUial associations in cases of schizophrenia.I cannot refrain from pointing out that the gerra of some of the views recently developed by Dr. Jung can be found in these early studies.The work on association among normals had led to the establishment of psychological types.

There are certain obvious relationships between the objective type here described in chapter ii and his later introversion type, and again there are certain resemblances between the egocentric type of the experiments and the extra version type of the later view.Indeed, in Dr. Jungs most recently pubUshed work ( Psychology of the Unconscious Processes, in Analytical Psychology, 1917), afoot-note (p.

405) indicates that psychology is not Umited to two types : other possibilities are known to us - this is perhaps a return to the position of these experiments where six principal types are described.



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